Independence of Nicaragua took place on September 15,1821, when the then Nicaraguan province decided that it was time to be free and independent of Spain.
The roads that led to an independent country were not easy and it was necessary to take up arms and go to war to achieve that goal.
Nicaragua and the other Central American countries joined the Mexican empire that saw its beginnings even though this union did not last for many years.
The small countries of the isthmus then decided to form the Federation of Central American States, which looked to its end because of the particular interests of the leaders of each of the provinces.
Nicaragua became a completely independent republic on April 30,1838.
Independence of Central America
Nicaragua's independence took place on September 15,1821, when the then Nicaraguan province decided that it was time to be free and independent of Spain. The roads that led to an independent country were not easy and it was necessary to take up arms and go to war to achieve that goal.
Nicaragua and the other Central American countries joined the Mexican empire that saw its beginnings even though this union did not last for many years. The small countries of the isthmus then decided to form the Federation of Central American States, which looked to its end because of the particular interests of the leaders of each of the provinces.
Nicaragua became a completely independent republic on April 30,1838.
Who signed the independence act of Central America?
The list of persons who signed the Central American Independence Act is as follows:
- Gabino Gaínza.
- Mariano Beltranena and Llano.
- José Mario Calderón.
- José Matías Delgado.
- Manuel Antonio de Molina.
- Mariano Antonio de Larrave.
- Antonio Rivera Cabezas.
- José Antonio de Larrave.
- Isidro del Valle and Castriciones.
- Mariano de Aycinena and Piñol.
- Pedro de Arroyave.
- José Lorenzo de Romaña, secretary.
- José Domingo Diéguez, secretary.
- José Cecilio del Valle.
- Pedro Molina Mazariegos, whose wife was the famous Guatemalan screaming María Dolores Bedoya de Molina.
Nicaraguan Independence Act
The following is a textual description of the Nicaraguan independence act as originally written:
Guatemala, September 15,1821
Code of Legislation of the Republic of Nicaragua. De la Rocha, Jesus
Palacio Nacional de Guatemala, fifteen of September of one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one.
The desire for independence of the Spanish government, which has been expressed in writing and by word by the people of this capital city, has been made public and unquestionable: several offices of the constitutional councils of Ciudad Real have been received by the last post, Comitan i Tuxtla, in which they communicate that they have proclaimed and sworn said independence and call for the same thing to be done in this city: being positive that they have circulated the same offices to other councils: In accordance with the most excellent Provincial Council, in order to deal with such a serious matter, the Provincial Council itself met in one of the halls of this palace, the illustrious Archbishop, the individuals who were deputies in the most excellent territorial audience, the venerable Dean i cabildo ecclesiastical, the very fine City Council, the M. I. Cloister, Consulate, M. I. Lawyers' college, regular prelates, chiefs and public officials: all gathered in the same room; the professions were expressed: discussed and carefully considered the matter and heard the clamour of "Long live independence," which constantly repeats the people who were gathered in the streets, square, courtyard, corridors and ante-room of this palace, was agreed by this Provincial Council and individuals of the City Council:
- That since the independence of the Spanish government is the general will of the people of Guatemala, and without prejudice to what is determined by the Congress that must be formed, the political leader has it published, in order to prevent the consequences that would be frightening in the event that it is actually proclaimed by the people themselves.
- Of course, offices should be circulated to the provinces by extraordinary mail, so that they may proceed without delay to elect their deputies or representatives, and they will attend this capital to form the Congress that must decide the point of general and absolute independence, and finar, if agreed, the form of government and fundamental law that should apply.
- To facilitate the appointment of deputies, the same provincial electoral boards that made or should have made the elections of the last deputies to the courts should do so.
- ° That the number of these deputies be in proportion to one for every fifteen thousand individuals, without excluding the African natives from citizenship.
- That the same provincial electoral boards, bearing in mind the latest censuses, serve to determine, according to this basis, the number of deputies or representatives to be elected.
- That in attention to the gravity and urgency of the matter, it is served to make the elections so that on the first of March of the next year of 1822 all the deputies will be gathered in this capital.
- That in the meantime, not being novelty in the established authorities, they continue to exercise their respective attributions, in accordance with the Constitution, decrees and laws, until the indicated Congress determines what is fairer and more beneficial.
- Mr. political chief, brigadier don Gabino Gainza, continue with the superior political and military government, and so that this has the character that seems proper of the circumstances, a provisional consultative board is formed, composed of the current individuals of this Provincial Delegation and of the gentlemen don Miguel Larreinaga, Minister of this audience: don José del Valle, Auditor of war; Marquis of Aycinena: Dr.. José Valdes, treasurer of this Holy Church: Dr. Anjel María Candina; and Antonio Robles, Mayor 3. Constitutional: the first for the province of Leon: the second for Comayagua: the third for Quezaltenango: the fourth for Sololá and Chimaltenango: the fifth for Sonsonate; and sesto for Ciudad Real de Chiapas.
- May this provisional board consult the political chief in all economic and governmental matters worthy of your attention.
- That the Catholic religion that we have professed in previous centuries and will profess in the following centuries, be kept pure and unalterable, keeping alive the spirit of relic that has always distinguished Guatemala, respecting ecclesiastical ministers, secular and regular and protecting them in their persons and properties.
- Let the dignified prelates of the relic communities be given office so that, cooperating with peace and society, which is the first need of the peoples when they pass from one government to another, they may order their individuals to exhort the fraternity and concord of those who, being united in the general feeling of independence, must also be united in everything else, suffocating individual passions, which divide the spirits and produce disastrous consequences.
- May the City Council, which is responsible for the preservation of order and tranquillity, take the most active measures to maintain it in all this capital and immediate villages.
- That the political leader publishes in a manifesto making notorious, to the face of all, the general feelings of the people, the opinion of the authorities and corporations; the measures of this government, the causes and circumstances that decide to lend it in the hands of the mayor 1. At the request of the people, the oath of independence and fidelity to the American government to be established.
- May the provisional junta, the City Council, the illustrious Archbishop, the courts, political and military chiefs, the regular prelates, their relic communities, chiefs and employees in the rents, authorities, corporations and troops of the respective garrisons take the same oath.
- The political leader, in agreement with the City Council, should establish the solemnity and mark the day on which the people should make the proclamation and oath of independence.
- May the City Council of the City Council decide to mint a medal that perpetuates in the centuries the memory of the "Fifteenth day of September of one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one", in which its happy independence was proclaimed.
- Let this act and the manifesto be printed out and circulated to the most excellent provincial councils, constitutional town halls and other ecclesiastical, regular, secular and military authorities, so that they may act in accordance with the same sentiments that this people have expressed, so that they may act in accordance with all the opposite.
- Let it be sung, on the day that the political leader designates a solemn mass of thanksgiving, with the assistance of the provisional board, of all the authorities, corporations and chiefs, being saved by artillery; three days of enlightenment.
Palacio Nacional de Guatemala, September 15,1821 - Gabino Gainza, Mariano de Beltranena - José Mariano Calderon - José Matias Delgado - Manuel Antonio Molina - Mariano de Larrave. Antonio de Rivera - José Antonio de Larrave - Isidoro del Valle i Castriciones - Mariano de Aycinena - Lorenzo de Romaña, secretary - Domingo Diéguez, secretary.
"NOTE: The original content of the text is respected, preserving the spelling, grammar and writing of the time when it was produced."
Próceres de la independencia Nicaragua.
If we talk about the independence of Nicaragua and its heroes, we are also talking about those of Central America, the No. 794 declares 2 heroes: Tomás Ruíz and Miguel Larreynaga.